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Causes, Diagnosis, and Dangers of Menopause

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Menopause is a natural biological process that refers to the end of a woman’s reproductive years. During menopause, the ovaries stop producing eggs, and the levels of hormones estrogen and progesterone drop. This transition usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, but it can happen earlier or later in some women. In this article, we will discuss the causes of menopause, how it is diagnosed and what the dangers of menopause are. Keep reading!

Causes of Menopause

One of the most common questions asked by women in their 40s and 50s is “what causes menopause?” The answer, like many things related to the human body, is complicated. Menopause is caused by a combination of factors, both physical and psychological. The most important physical cause of menopause is the gradual decline in estrogen levels that occurs as a woman ages. This decline eventually leads to the cessation of ovulation, and as a result, the end of menstruation. Other physical causes of menopause include changes in the reproductive system and alterations in hormone levels.

Psychological factors that can contribute to menopause include stress, anxiety, and depression. While menopause is primarily a natural process that happens to all women as they age, these psychological factors can exacerbate the symptoms and make the transition more difficult. Ultimately, everyone experiences menopause differently, and there is no one-size-fits-all solution for dealing with this significant life change. However, understanding the causes of menopause can help provide some insight into how best to cope with this time of transition.

Diagnosis of Menopause

Diagnosing menopause can be tricky because no specific symptoms or test can definitively diagnose it. Instead, doctors often rely on a combination of symptoms, medical history, and lab tests to make a diagnosis. One common symptom of menopause is irregular periods. This means that you might have fewer periods than usual, or your periods might be lighter or heavier than usual. You might also have longer or shorter intervals between periods. Other common menopause symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, sleep problems, vaginal dryness, and changes in mood or memory. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, your doctor will likely ask about your medical history and conduct a physical exam. They may also order blood tests to check your hormone levels. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels typically rise during menopause, so this is often one of the first tests ordered. If your FSH levels are significantly elevated, you’re likely in menopause.

The level of FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) in a woman’s body is an important indicator of her fertility. FSH is produced by the pituitary gland, and its levels rise and fall throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle. When a woman reaches menopause, her ovaries stop producing eggs, and her FSH levels increase sharply. This increase in FSH is what causes many of the symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes and night sweats. In addition, high levels of FSH can lead to difficulty getting pregnant. However, there are treatments available that can help to lower FSH levels and ease the symptoms of menopause. If you are experiencing any problems related to menopause, it is important to talk to your doctor.

Dangers of Menopause

While menopause is a normal part of aging; it can also be accompanied by several unpleasant symptoms, including hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, and weight gain. In some cases, menopause can also lead to more serious health problems, such as osteoporosis and heart disease. As a result, it’s important for women to be aware of the risks associated with menopause and to take steps to stay healthy during this time.

Menopause can also lead to long-term health changes, such as an increased risk of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bones to become thin and brittle. It affects more than 200 million people worldwide, and women are four times more likely to develop the condition than men. Osteoporosis can lead to bone fractures, hunched posture, and loss of height. While there is no cure for osteoporosis, there are treatments that can help to prevent or slow its progression. These include weight-bearing exercise, a nutritious diet, and medications such as bisphosphonates. Menopause and osteoporosis are two important health issues that affect women as they age. By understanding these conditions and taking steps to prevent them, women can enjoy good health in their later years.

Menopause can also lead to life-threatening conditions like heart failure. This is because declining estrogen levels can cause changes in the heart and blood vessels that make them more susceptible to damage. In addition, the added stress of menopause can also contribute to the development of heart failure. Thankfully, there are steps that women can take to reduce their risk, such as exercise and eating a healthy diet. By being proactive about their health, menopausal women can help keep their hearts healthy and avoid heart failure.


Now that we have explored menopause and all of its causes, effects, and dangers, it is important to know how it is diagnosed. A blood test can determine if a woman is in menopause by measuring her follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level. If this hormone is elevated, then the woman is likely in menopause. Other tests can be done to confirm a diagnosis of menopause, such as a pelvic ultrasound.


  1. Lumsden, M. A., Davies, M., & Sarri, G. (2016). Diagnosis and Management of Menopause. JAMA Internal Medicine, 176(8), 1205. doi.org/10.1001/
  2. Lumsden, M. A. (2016). The NICE Guideline – Menopause: diagnosis and management. Climacteric, 19(5), 426–429. doi.org/10.1080
  3. Greendale, G. A., & Judd, H. L. (1993). The Menopause: Health Implications and Clinical Management. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 41(4), 426–436. doi.org/10.1111/
  4. Peacock, K., & Ketvertis, K. M. (2022, February 2). Menopause. Nih.gov; StatPearls Publishing. ncbi.nlm.nih/NBK507826
The information in this site will not replace a medical examination or relevant medical advice. We do our best to make the most reliable and orderly information available. Still, as reliable as it may be, this information can not be a substitute for any other medical recommendation received by a qualified physician after an individual examination.
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8 months ago

My physician recommended I see a dietician to lose the extra 20 pounds that I have been carrying around for years strictly because she knows that otherwise menopause will wreak havoc on my body. It’s not easy but I’m determined to live a healthier life.

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